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Tartaria: The Supposed Mega-Empire of Inner Eurasia
IntroductionFor those not in the know, the Tartaria conspiracy theory is one of the most bizarre pieces of pseudo history out there. Its core notion is that the region known as ‘Tartaria’ or ‘Grand Tartary’ in Early Modern European maps was not simply a vague geographical designate, but in fact a vast, centralised empire. Said empire emerged… at some point, and it disappeared… at some point, but for… some reason, its existence has been covered up to suit… some narrative or another. As you can tell, there’s a lot of diverse ideas here, and the fact that there hasn’t been the equivalent of a Christological schism every time a controversial thread goes up is really quite impressive. While this post will primarily address one particular piece of writing that is at the core of Tartaria conspiracy theorising, I’ll include a few tidbits to show you just how much madness its adherents have come up with. But first, some background.
State of Play, and why I’m doing thisThe Tartaria theory has a small but active following on subreddits such as Tartaria, tartarianarchitecture, and CulturalLayer, which as of writing have around 5,300, 2,400 and 23,000 subscribers, respectively, but it’s clear from the 8 questions on the topic asked at AskHistorians since January 2019 and this debunk request from June that it’s a theory that has somewhat broad appeal and can reach beyond its core niche. This is unsurprising given how little education most people in the West receive about basically anything east of Greece: simply put, the reality of Eurasian history is just not something most of us are taught. And if we don’t know the reality of Eurasian history to begin with, or if we do then it's all in bits and pieces where we might not even know a basic set of dates and names, then what seems to be a pretty developed narrative about a lost empire actually turns out rather plausible.
Unfortunately, many debunks of the Tartaria narrative come from people pushing competing conspiracy theories, like this guy claiming that there’s a global
Where does it come from?My attempts to find the exact origins of the Tartaria conspiracy have been not entirely fruitful, as the connections I’ve found have been relatively circumstantial at best. But as far as I can tell, it at least partially originates with that Russian pseudohistorian we all know and love, Anatoly Fomenko. Fomenko is perhaps best known in the English-speaking world for his 7-volume ‘epic’ from 2002, History: Fiction or Science?, but in fact he’s been pushing a complete ‘New Chronology’ since the publication of Novaia khronologia in Russian in 1995. While the New Chronology is best known for its attempt to explain away most of the Middle Ages as a hoax created by the Papacy on the basis of bad astronomy, it also asserts a number of things about Russian history from the Kievan Rus’ to the Romanovs. Key to the Tartaria theory is its claim that there was a vast Slavo-Turkic ‘Russian Horde’ based out of ‘Tartaria’ which dominated Eurasia until the last ‘Horde’ ruler, Boris Godunov, was overthrown by the European Mikhail Romanov. This, of course, is a clear attempt at countering the notion of a ‘Tatar Yoke’ over Russia, as you can’t have a ‘Tatar Yoke’ if the Tatars were Russians all along. Much as I’d like to explain that in more detail here, I don’t have to: in 2004, Konstantin Sheiko at the University of Wollongong wrote an entire PhD thesis looking at the claims of Fomenko’s New Chronology and contextualising them within currents of Russian nationalism, which can be accessed online.
But I personally suspect that if there are Fomenko connections as far as Tartaria specifically is concerned, they are limited. For one, at one stage users on the Tartaria subreddit seemed unfamiliar with Fomenko, and there are those arguing that Fomenko had ‘rewritten’ Tartarian history to be pro-Russian. This is why I said that the evidence was circumstantial. The only other link to Fomenko is indirect: the CulturalLayer sidebar lists the ‘New Chronology Resource Collection’ and the audiobook of History: Fiction or Science? under ‘Essential Resources’, and Tartaria in its ‘Related Subs’.
As far as I can tell, the ultimate origin of its developed form on the Anglophone web traces back to this post on the StolenHistory forums, posted on 17 April 2018. This makes some chronological sense: only one top-level post on CulturalLayer that mentions Tartaria predates this. Moreover, KorbenDallas, the OP of the thread, was also the forum’s chief admin, and given that StolenHistory is still (as of writing) the top resource on CulturalLayer’s sidebar, that suggests significant influence. However, using the search function on camas.github.io, it was mentioned in comments at least 9 times before then, with the first mention, on 10 January 2018, mentioning that the ‘theory’ had been doing the rounds on the Russian web for at least 5 years. Nevertheless, as the detail in these early comments is sparse and generally refers only to speculation about maps, it is probably fair to say that the first in-depth English-language formulation of the Tartaria ‘theory’ was thus the April 2018 forum post. Funnily enough, it is not cited often on Tartaria, but that subreddit was created on 27 December, long after discussion had been taking place on places like CulturalLayer, and combined with the ‘mudflood’ ‘theory’ and the notion of giant humans, which are not significant features of the StolenHistory thread. This more convoluted and multifaceted version of the Tartaria theory doesn’t really have a single-document articulation, hence me not covering it here.
It is this StolenHistory thread which I will be looking at here today. Not just because it seems to be at the heart of it all, but also because it got shut down around 36 hours ago as of writing this post, based on the timestamps of panicked ‘what happened to StolenHistory’ posts on CulturalLayer and Tartaria. So what better occasion to go back to the Wayback Machine’s version, seeing as it’s now quite literally impossible to brigade the source? Now as I’ve said, this is not the most batshit insane it gets for the Tartaria crowd, in fact it’s incredibly tame. But by the end of it, I bet you’ll be thinking ‘if this is mild, how much more worse is the modern stuff!?’ And the best part is, I can debunk most of it without recourse to any other sources at all, because so much of it involves them posting sources out of context or expecting them to be read tendentiously.
But that’s enough background. Let us begin.
Part 1: The Existence
Exhibit 1: The Encylcopædia Britannica, 1771
”Tartary, a vast country in the northern parts of Asia, bounded by Siberia on the north and west: this is called Great Tartary. The Tartars who lie south of Muscovy and Siberia, are those of Astracan, Circassia, and Dagistan, situated north-west of the Caspian-sea; the Calmuc Tartars, who lie between Siberia and the Caspian-sea; the Usbec Tartars and Moguls, who lie north of Persia and India; and lastly, those of Tibet, who lie north-west of China.” - Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol. III, Edinburgh, 1771, p. 887.Starting a post about the ‘hidden’ history of Central Asia with an encyclopædia entry from Scotland is really getting off to a good start, isn’t it? Anyone with a sense of basic geography can tell you that Tibet lies due west of China, not northwest. But more importantly, this shows you how single-minded the Tartaria advocates are and how tendentiously they read things. ‘Country’ need not actually refer to a state entity, it can just be a geographical space, especially in more archaic contexts such as this. Moreover, the ethnographic division of the ‘Tartars’ into Astrakhanis, Circassians, Dagestanis, Kalmuks, Uzbeks, and, for whatever reason, Tibetans, pretty clearly goes against the notion of a unified Tartary.
Now compare to the description given by Wikipedia, ”Tartary (Latin: Tartaria) or Great Tartary (Latin: Tartaria Magna) was a name used from the Middle Ages until the twentieth century to designate the great tract of northern and central Asia stretching from the Caspian Sea and the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean, settled mostly by Turko-Mongol peoples after the Mongol invasion and the subsequent Turkic migrations.”Obviously, Wikipedia is not a good source for… anything, really, but the fact that they’re giving a 349-year-old encyclopaedia primacy over the summary sentence of a wiki article is demonstrative of how much dishonesty is behind this. And it only gets worse from here.
Exhibit 2: Hermann Moll’s A System of Geography, 1701
THE Country of Tartary, call'd Great Tartary, to distinguish it from the Lesser, in Europe, has for its Boundaries, on the West, the Caspian Sea, and Moscovitick Tartary; on the North, the Scythian, or Tartarian Sea; on the East, the Sea of the Kalmachites, and the Straight of Jesso; and on the South, China, India, or the Dominions of the great Mogul and Persia : So that it is apparently the largest Region of the whole Continent of Asia, extending it self [sic] farthest, both towards the North and East: In the modern Maps, it is plac'd within the 70th and 170th Degree of Longitude, excluding Muscovitick Tartary; as also between the 40 and 72 Degree of Northern Latitude.Immediately underneath the scan of this text is the statement, clearly highlighted, that
Tartary was not a tract. It was a country.Hmm, very emphatic there. Except wait no, the same semantic problem recurs. ‘Country’ need not mean ‘state’. Moreover, in the very same paragraph, Moll (or rather his translator) refers to Tartary as a ‘Region’, which very much disambiguates the idea. Aside from that, it is telling that Moll refers to three distinct ‘Tartaries’: ’Great Tartary’ in Asia, ‘Lesser Tartary’ in Europe, and ‘Muscovite Tartary’ – that is, the eastern territories of the Russian Tsardom. If, as they are saying, ‘Great Tartary’ was a coherent entity, whatever happened to ‘Lesser Tartary’?
Exhibit 3: A 1957 report by the CIA on ‘National Cultural Development Under Communism’Is a conspiracy theorist… actually believing a CIA document? Yep. I’ll add some context later that further complicates the issue.
Or let us take the matter of history, which, along with religion, language and literature, constitute the core of a people’s cultural heritage. Here again the Communists have interfered in a shameless manner. For example, on 9 August 1944, the Central Committee of the Communist Party, sitting in Moscow, issued a directive ordering the party’s Tartar Provincial Committee “to proceed to a scientific revolution of the history of Tartaria, to liquidate serious shortcomings and mistakes of a nationalistic character committed by individual writers and historians in dealing with Tartar history.” In other words, Tartar history was to be rewritten—let its be frank, was to be falsified—in order to eliminate references to Great Russian aggressions and to hide the facts of the real course of Tartar-Russian relations.What’s fascinating about the inclusion of this document is that it is apparently often invoked as a piece of anti-Fomenko evidence, by tying New Chronology in with older Russian-nationalist Soviet revisionism. So not only is it ironic that they’re citing a CIA document, of all things, but a CIA document often used to undermine the spiritual founder of the whole Tartaria ‘theory’ in the first place! But to return to the point, the fundamental issue is that it’s tendentious. This document from 1957 obviously is not going to be that informed on the dynamics of Central Asian ethnicity and history in the way that a modern scholar would be.
[similar judgement on Soviet rewriting of histories of Muslim areas to suit a pro-Russian agenda]
In a broader sense, what this document is supposed to prove is that Soviet coverups are why we don’t know about Tartaria. But if most of the evidence came from Western Europe to begin with, why would a Soviet coverup matter? Why wasn’t Tartarian history deployed as a counter-narrative during the Cold War?
Exhibit 4: ‘An 1855 Source’This is from a footnote in Sir George Cornwalle Lewis’ An Inquiry into the Credibility of the Early Roman History, citing a travelogue by Evariste Huc that had been published in French in 1850 and was soon translated into English. From the digitised version of of Huc’s book on Project Gutenberg (emphasis copied over from the thread):
Such remains of ancient cities are of no unfrequent occurrence in the deserts of Mongolia; but everything connected with their origin and history is buried in darkness. Oh, with what sadness does such a spectacle fill the soul! The ruins of Greece, the superb remains of Egypt,—all these, it is true, tell of death; all belong to the past; yet when you gaze upon them, you know what they are; you can retrace, in memory, the revolutions which have occasioned the ruins and the decay of the country around them. Descend into the tomb, wherein was buried alive the city of Herculaneum,—you find there, it is true, a gigantic skeleton, but you have within you historical associations wherewith to galvanize it. But of these old abandoned cities of Tartary, not a tradition remains; they are tombs without an epitaph, amid solitude and silence, uninterrupted except when the wandering Tartars halt, for a while, within the ruined enclosures, because there the pastures are richer and more abundant.There’s a paraphrase from Lewis as well, but you can just read it on the thread. The key thing here is that yes, there were abandoned settlements in the steppe. Why must this be indicative of a lost sedentary civilisation, and not instead the remnants of political capitals of steppe federations which were abandoned following those federations’ collapse? Places like Karakorum, Kubak Zar, Almaliq and Sarai were principally built around political functions, being centres for concentration of religious and ritual authority (especially monasteries) and stores of non-movable (or difficult to move) wealth. But individual examples of abandoned settlements are not evidence of broad patterns of settlement that came to be abandoned en masse. Indeed, the very fact that the cited shepherd calls the abandoned location ‘The Old Town’ in the singular implies just how uncommon such sites were – for any given region, there might really only be one of note.
Exhibit 5: Ethnic characteristics in artistic depictions of Chinggis and TimurI… don’t quite know what to make of these.
Today, we have certain appearance related stereotypes. I think we are very much off there. It looks like Tartary was multi-religious, and multi-cultural. One of the reasons I think so is the tremendous disparity between what leaders like Genghis Khan, Batu Khan, Timur aka Tamerlane looked like to the contemporary artists vs. the appearance attributed to them today.Ummm, what?
These are apparently what they look like today. These are ‘contemporary’ depictions of Chinggis:
As for Timur, we have:
We’ll get to Batur Khan in a moment because that’s its own kettle of worms. But can this user not recognise that artists tend to depict things in ways that are familiar? Of course white European depictions of Chinggis and Timur will tend to make them look like white Europeans, while East Asian depictions of Chinggis will tend to make him look Asian, and Middle Eastern depictions of Chinggis and Timur will make them look Middle Eastern. This doesn’t prove that ‘Tartaria’ was multicultural, in fact it you’d have an easier time using this ‘evidence’ to argue that Chinggis and Timur were shapeshifters who could change ethnicities at will!
Exhibit 6: Turkish sculpturesWhy this person thinks modern Turkish sculptures are of any use to anyone baffles me. The seven sculptures shown are of Batu Khan (founder of the ‘Golden Horde’/Jochid khanates), Timur, Bumin (founder of the First Turkic Khaganate), Ertugrul (father of Osman, the founder of the Ottoman empire), Babur (founder of the Mughal Empire), Attila the Hun, and Kutlug Bilge Khagan (founder of the Uyghur Khaganate). They are accompanied (except in the case of Ertugrul) by the dates of the empires/confederations that they founded – hence, for instance, Babur’s dates being 1526 to 1858, the lifespan of the Mughal Empire, or Timur’s being 1368 (which seems arbitrary) to 1507 (the fall of Herat to the Shaybanids). To quote the thread:
A few of them I do not know, but the ones I do look nothing like what I was taught at school. Also dates are super bizarre on those plaques.Again, Turkish sculptors make Turkic people look like Turks. Big surprise. And the dates are comprehensible if you just take a moment to think.
Do Turks know something we don't?Turkish, evidently.
Exhibit 7: A map from 1652 that the user can’t even read
The other reason why I think Tartary had to be multi-religious, and multi-cultural is its vastness during various moments in time. For example in 1652 Tartary appears to have control over the North America.https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/1652-nova-totius-terrarum-orbis-geographica-ac-hydrographica-tabula_1-1-jpg.37277/
This speaks for itself.
The thread was later edited to include a link to a post on ‘Tartarians’ in North America made on 7 August 2018, but that’s beside the point here, read at your own leisure (if you can call it ‘leisure’). Except for the part where at one point he admits he can’t read Latin, and so his entire theory in that post is based on the appearance of the word ‘Tartarorum’ in an unspecified context on a map of North America.
Part 2: The Coverup
The official history is hiding a major world power which existed as late as the 19th century. Tartary was a country with its own flag, its own government and its own place on the map. Its territory was huge, but somehow quietly incorporated into Russia, and some other countries. This country you can find on the maps predating the second half of the 19th century.…Okay then.
Exhibit 8: Google Ngramshttps://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/tartary_ngram-jpg.37276/
This screenshot shows that the use of ‘Tartary’ and ‘Tartaria’ declined significantly over time. This is apparently supposed to surprise us. Or maybe it shows that we actually understand the region better…
Part 1a: Back to the existenceYou know, a common theme with historical conspiracy theories is how badly they’re laid out, in the literal sense of the layout of their documents and video content. Don’t make a header called ‘The Coverup’ and then only have one thing before jumping back to the evidence for the existence again.
Exhibit 9: A Table
Yet, some time in the 18th century Tartary Muskovite was the biggest country in the world: 3,050,000 square miles.https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/tartary_huge-13-jpg.37329/
I do not have enough palms to slap into my face. Do they not understand that this is saying how much of Tartary was owned… by foreign powers?
Exhibit 10: Book coversYou can look at the images on the thread itself but here’s a few highlights:
- 1654: Bellum Tartaricum, or the Conquest of China By the Invasion of the Tartars, who in the last seven years, have wholly subdued that empire
- 1670: Historia de la Conquista de la China por el Tartaro
- 1662: The Voyages and Travels of the Ambassadors of the Duke of Holstein, to the Great Duke of Muscovy, and the King of Persia… Containing a compleat History of Muscovy, Tartary, Persia, and Other Adjacent Countries…
There’s also three screenshots from books that aren’t even specifically named, so impossible to follow up. Clearly this is all we need.
Exhibit 11: MapsThe maps are the key think the Tartaria pushers use. All these maps showing ‘Grand Tartary’ or ‘Tartaria’ or what have you. There’s 20 of these here and you can look for yourselves, but the key thing is: why do these people assume that this referred to a single state entity? Because any of these maps that include the world more generally will also present large parts of Africa in generic terms, irrespective of actual political organisation in these regions. And many of the later maps clearly show the tripartite division of the region into ‘Chinese Tartary’, ‘Russian Tartary’, and ‘Independent Tartary’, which you think would be clear evidence that most of this region was controlled by, well, the Chinese (really, the Manchus) and the Russians. And many of these maps aren’t even maps of political organisation, but geographical space. See how many lump all of mainland Southeast Asia into ‘India’. Moreover, the poor quality of the mapping should give things away. This one for instance is very clear on the Black Sea coast, but the Caspian is a blob, and moreover, a blob that’s elongated along the wrong axis! They’re using Western European maps as an indicator of Central Asian realities in the most inept way possible, and it would be sad if it weren’t so hilarious. The fact that the depictions of the size of Tartaria are incredibly inconsistent also seems not to matter.
Exhibit 12: The Tartarian LanguageThere’s an 1849 American newspaper article referring to the ‘Tartarian’ language, which is very useful thank you, and definitely not more reflective of American ignorance than actual linguistic reality.
The next one is more interesting, because it’s from a translation of some writing by a French Jesuit, referring to the writing of Manchu, and who asserted (with very little clear evidence) that it could be read in any direction. In April last year, Tartaria users [claimed to have stumbled on a dictionary of Tartarian and French](np.reddit.com/Tartaria/comments/bi3aph/tartarian_language_dictionary/) called the Dictionnaire Tartare-Mantchou-François. What they failed to realise is that the French generally called the Manchus ‘Tartare-Mantchou’, and this was in fact a Manchu-French dictionary. In other words, a [Tartare-Mantchou]-[François] dictionary, not a [Tartare]-[Mantchou]-[François] dictionary. It is quite plausible, in fact probable, that the ‘Tartarian’ referred to in the newspaper article was Manchu.
Exhibit 13: Genealogies of Tartarian Kings
Descended From GenghiscanReads the comment above this French chart. How the actual hell did OP not recognise that ‘Genghiscan’ is, erm, Genghis Khan? Is it that hard to understand that maybe, just maybe, ‘Tartars’ was what they called Mongols back in the day, and ‘Tartaria’ the Mongol empire and its remnants?
Exhibit 14: Ethnographic drawingsThese prove that there were people called Tartars, not that there was a state of Tartaria. NEXT
Exhibit 15: Tartaria’s alleged flagImages they provide include
Except there’s one problem. As any EU4 player will tell you, that’s the flag of the Khanate of Kazan. And while they can trot out a few 18th and 19th century charts showing the apparent existence of a Tartarian naval flag, the inconvenient fact that Tartaria would have been landlocked seems not to get in the way. To be sure, their consistent inclusion is odd, given the non-existence of Tartary as a country, and moreover its landlocked status. It seems plausible that the consistent similarity of the designs is just a result of constant copying and poor checking, but on its own it means relatively little.
Exhibit 16: 19th-century racismhttps://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/flags_of_all_nations_1865-mongolian-1-jpg.37369/
That I think speaks for itself.
Exhibit 17: Flags of Moscow on one particular chart
It is also worth mentioning that in the British Flag Table of 1783, there are three different flags listed as a flag of the Tsar of Moscow. There is also an Imperial Flag of Russia as well as multiple naval flags. And all of them are proceeded by a flag of the Viceroy of Russia.By that logic, the Royal Navy ran Britain because the Royal Navy ensigns precede the Union Jack. It’s simply a conscious decision to show the flags of individuals before the flags of states. The ‘Viceroy’ (unsure what the original Russian title would be) and ‘Czar’ of Muscovy would presumably be, well, the Emperor of Russia anyway, so as with the British section where the Royal Standard and the flags of naval officers came first, the same seems true of Russia. Also, as a side note, the placement of the USA at the end, after the Persians, the Mughals and ‘Tartarians’, is a fun touch.
Significance of the Viceroy is in the definition of the term. A viceroy is a regal official who runs a country, colony, city, province, or sub-national state, in the name of and as the representative of the monarch of the territory. Our official history will probably say that it was the Tsar of Russia who would appoint a viceroy of Moscow. I have reasons to doubt that.No.
Why is the flag of the Viceroy of Moscow positioned prior to any other Russian flag? Could it be that the Viceroy of Moscow was superior to its Czar, and was "supervising" how this Tartarian possession was being run?
Part 3: 1812This, this is where it gets really bonkers. A key part of this post is arguing that Napoleon’s invasion of Russia was a cover story for a joint invasion against Tartaria gone horrendously wrong. All the stops are being pulled out here.
There is a growing opinion in Russia that French invasion of Russia played out according to a different scenario. The one where Tsar Alexander I, and Napoleon were on the same side. Together they fought against Tartary. Essentially France and Saint Petersburg against Moscow (Tartary). And there is a strong circumstantial evidence to support such a theory.Oh yes, we’re going there.
Questions to Answer:He didn’t, he was trying to attack the Russian army. (credit to dandan_noodles).
1. Saint Petersburg was the capitol of Russia. Yet Napoleon chose to attack Moscow. Why?
2. It appears that in 1912 there was a totally different recollection of the events of 1812. How else could you explain commemorative 1912 medals honoring Napoleon?Because it’s a bit of an in-your-face to Napoleon for losing so badly?
And specifically the one with Alexander I, and Napoleon on the same medal. The below medal says something similar to, "Strength is in the unity: will of God, firmness of royalty, love for homeland and people"Yeah, it’s showing Alexander I beating Napoleon, and a triumphant double-headed Russian eagle above captured French standards. Also, notice how Alexander is in full regalia, while Napoleon’s is covered up by his greatcoat?
3. Similarity between Russian and French uniforms. There are more different uniforms involved, but the idea remains, they were ridiculously similar.Ah yes, because fashions in different countries always develop separately, and never get influenced by each other.
How did they fight each other in the dark?With difficulty, presumably.
Basically, he’s saying that this: https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/1_rus-jpg.37322/
Is too similar to this: https://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/1_rus-jpg.37322/
To be coincidental.
OK, whatever. Here’s where it gets interesting:
There was one additional combat asset officially available to Russians in the war of 1812. And that was the Militia. It does appear that this so-called Militia, was in reality the army of Tartary fighting against Napoleon and Alexander I.Russian VolunteeMilitia Units... Tartarians?
Clearly this man has never encountered the concept of a cossack, an opelchenie, or, erm, a GREATCOAT.
4. Russian nobility in Saint Petersburg spoke French well into the second half of the 19th century. The general explanation was, that it was the trend of time and fashion. Google contains multiple opinions on the matter. * Following the same logic, USA, Britain and Russia should've picked up German after the victory in WW2.Clearly never heard of the term lingua franca then.
5. This one I just ran into: 19th-century fans were totally into a Napoleon/Alexander romancehttps://web.archive.org/web/20200701065421im_/https://www.stolenhistory.org/attachments/treaties_of_tilsit_miniature_-france-_1810s-_side_a-jpg.37314/
It is true that after the Treaty of Tilsit, Napoleon wrote to his wife, Josephine, that
I am pleased with [Emperor] Alexander; he ought to be with me. If he were a woman, I think I should make him my mistress.But Napoleon’s ‘honeymoon period’ with Russia following the Treaty of Tilsit should not be seen as indicative of a permanent Napoleonic affection for Russia. Notably, Napoleon’s war with Russia didn’t just end in 1812. How are the Tartaria conspiracists going to explain the War of the Sixth Coalition, when Russian, Prussian and Austrian troops drove the French out of Germany? Did the bromance suddenly stop because of 1812? Or, is it more reasonable to see 1812 as the end result of the bromance falling apart?
ConclusionsSo there you have it, Tartaria in all its glorious nonsensicalness. Words cannot capture how massively bonkers this entire thing is. And best of all, I hardly needed my own sources because so much of it is just a demonstration of terrible reading comprehension. Still, if you want to actually learn about some of the history of Inner Eurasia, see below:
- The Cambridge History of Inner Asia – 2 volumes so far, covering up to 1886. Not really a single contiguous narrative, as each chapter has its own individual author, but a good general coverage.
- Scott C. Levi, The Bukharan Crisis: A Connected History of 18th Century Central Asia (2020) – A book about actual Central Asian history, focussing on the global and local factors that led to the weakening and collapse of the Chinggisid state in Bukhara and the rise of the Uzbek-led Emirate. Also a very good historiographical examination of lay understandings of the period.
- Mark C. Elliott, ‘The Limits of Tartary: Manchuria in Imperial and National Geographies’, The Journal of Asian Studies, Vol. 59, No. 3 (2000) – A discussion of conceptions of Manchuria by Manchu, Chinese, Japanese and European cartographers and geographers, with the section on European geographers being important for getting at the ‘Tartary’ aspect.
- David Christian, ‘Inner Eurasia as a Unit of World History’, Journal of World History, Vol. 5, No. 2 (1994) – A somewhat older view, presenting Inner Eurasia as a distinct unit in world history, but largely in terms of effects on the rest of Eurasia.
- Nicola di Cosmo, ‘State Formation and Periodization in Inner Asian History’, Journal of World History, Vol.10, No.1 (1999) – A partial response to Christian, offering an alternate periodisation based more on the internal dynamics of nomadic state formations and stressing viewing Inner Asian history in terms of those internal dynamics, rather than relegating it to a subordinate place in the histories of ‘Outer Eurasian’, sedentary states.
- Konstantin Sheiko, ‘Lomonosov’s Bastards: Anatolii Fomenko, Pseudo-History and Russia’s Search for a Post-Communist Identity’ [PhD Thesis] (2004) – Specifically deconstructs Fomenko’s version of Tartaria.
The Beginner's guide to Tokyo Joshi Pro Wrestling (Summer 2020 edition)
This guide is written in the hopes that those just starting to watch Tokyo Joshi & those with little to no Japanese ability can understand & follow along. In this write-up I’ll attempt to explain the structure, accolades & roster of Tokyo Joshi. The notable matches I list aren’t necessarily important matches or major wins but are, from my perspective, good showcases of each wrestlers’ abilities and/or personality, win, lose or draw. All matches listed are Wrestle Universe content. To view matches a membership to Wrestle Universe is required. When signing up, the first billing period is free. DDT bills on the last day of every month so be sure to register on the first of a new month to get the most out of a subscription. Most major Tokyo Joshi Pro shows air live on Wrestle Universe. Recently Tokyo Joshi has been uploading matches & digests from their shows to their YouTube channel. Smaller shows are uploaded to universe within a week of the match date. A note about the back catalog: while shows from 2017 & onward have been fully uploaded to DDT Universe, previous years are more sporadic. But, they’ve been slowly filling in the gaps. Also of note, I’ve listed the Japanese names of each of the performers. They can be copied & pasted to aid in searches.
Company at a glance
Current roster: 26 (+2 trainees soon to debut)
Current Princess of Princess Champion: Yuka Sakazaki
Current Princess Tag Champions: Hakuchumu [Daydream] (Rika Tatsumi & Miu Watanabe)
Current International Princess Champion: Thunder Rosa
Fan translated English live translations & summaries
https://www.dramaticddt.wordpress.com ~take summaries with a grain of salt as translation software is used~
Twitter hashtag: #tjpw
Promotion & history
Tokyo Joshi is a sub promotion of DDT & thus uses some of the same elements. The performers will often be featured in cross promotion events or in DDT's bigger events such as Judgement & Peter Pan. They are known for a roster full of big personalities.
The company was established in 2013 with the concept of mixing idol performances & women's wrestling. The original debut featured 3 performers wrestling exhibition matches in small venues of 50 people or less on mats with matches being interspersed with idol performances.
The original performers had their official debut in a tag team match at DDT’s Peter Pan show in the fall of 2013. Afterwards, they made their first self-produced show inside a wrestling ring in December of 2013. The promotion used wrestling rings more often & added talent over the next 2 years. They slowly phased out outside idol performances until shows were almost entirely wrestling matches & any idol performances were by members of their roster. They had their first Kourakuen show in 2016 & have expanded to bigger venues, done more shows outside Tokyo & more Kourakuen dates since that time. They celebrated their 5th anniversary of their first show with ring in December 2018. Several of their wrestlers have now had excursions in foreign countries. Their recent Kourakuen shows have had some of the best attendance numbers in Joshi & they announced they will have a show in a 2000+ seat venue later in 2020. They are steadily growing every year.
Structure of cards & events
Match cards are structured similarly to DDT cards with a rising action style. Cards start with announcements & rules of the show by the announcer & some of the women. Occasionally a fast promo setting something up for later will occur. Performances of songs by some wrestlers will also help open the show. Early matches feature rookie performers doing small showcases or matches with high amounts of comedy. Cards often finish with more serious matches or title defenses. Title defenses have very little comedy and are often hard-hitting affairs but main event matches of smaller shows can vary in seriousness. Match types thus far have included singles matches, tag matches, 6 women tags, 8 women tags, or triple threat contests with special stipulations such as handicap matches, battle royals, anywhere falls matches, etc. sometimes occurring. Early matches are usually 10 to 15-minute affairs. Tag matches get more time even early in the card usually between 15 to 30 minutes. Main event matches are almost always 30-minute 1-fall affairs. To date a standard match has never been longer than 30 minutes.
The structure of events is similar to how WWE built to Pay-per-views in the past. Tokyo Joshi will have several small shows that build the story lines & showcase the women that main event the big show to drum up interest. For example, if the main event of a big show is a singles match, a smaller show will have a main event featuring those 2 women on the opposite sides of a tag team match.
Tokyo Joshi currently has 4 major accolades.
Princess of Princess Championship (nickname: PuriPuri championship) - Established January 2016. 6 title holders.
Princess Tag championships - Established October 2017. 5 title holders.
International Princess Championship - Established August 2019. 4 title holders
Princess Cup - Established July 2014. The princess cup is an annual single elimination single-woman tournament that takes place in summer. Since establishing the PuriPuri championship, winners of the princess cup are given an automatic right to challenge for the title.
Special note: The DDT Ironman Heavymetalweight 24/7 championship has occasionally circulated through the promotion.
Miyu Yamashita (山下実優）
Height: 165 cm.
Birthplace: Fukuoka Prefecture.
Championship history: PuriPuri Champion (2x), DDT Ironman Heavymetalweight Champion (3x) SHINE Women’s Champion.
Finishers: Attitude Adjustment, CRH - Crash Rabbit Heat (Running bicycle knee)
Signatures: German Suplex, Running corner high knee. Cobra clutch
Miyu Yamashita is the Ace of Tokyo Joshi. She debuted with the promotion & is the only one of the original 3 stars still wrestling. Miyu has a background in karate & kickboxing making her heavily kick based offense something to be feared. She is both the inaugural & a 2-time PuriPuri champion. Over the years she’s had feuds with Nonoko, Saki-sama & Kanna. Oftentimes when it’s announced they have to face her, her opponents have an extremely perturbed reaction. That said, she has good relationships with most of the roster outside the ring. Miyu is one strongest members of the Tokyo Joshi roster but she has one particularly notable weakness. She’s terrible in tournaments.
Yamashita VS Yuu - 9/22/2016 Shinjuku. Puripuri championship match.
Yamashita VS Satomura - 8/23/2017 Kourakuen. Special Singles match.
Yamashita VS Tatsumi - 5/3/2018 Kourakuen. Puripuri championship match.
Reika Saiki (才木玲佳)
Height: 150 cm.
Birthplace: Saitama Prefecture.
Championship history: Puripuri Champion, 4th Princess Cup winner, Princess Tag Champion (with Marika Kobashi), AWG Women’s Champion.
Finishers: Jackhammer, Tower Bridge (torture rack)
Signatures: Shining Wizard, Back suplex, Dropkick, Camel Clutch.
Reika Saiki is a pro wrestler, singer & talent who originally trained & debuted in Wrestle-1. Reika has a small background in bodybuilding & kickboxing. Her offense is a mix of strong kicks & various power moves. Even though she is shorter than most of the roster she has a lot of power & can muscle anyone up into her Jackhammer finisher. She can always be relied upon to put on solid, fun matches. She is very charismatic as well. She is one of Tokyo Joshi’s rare Triple Crowns having won the puripuri & tag championships plus the Princess cup. (I’m leaving her on the main roster page for now because there’s a fair chance she’ll return with the close of Wrestle-1.)
Saiki & Itoh VS Sakazaki & Mizuki - 8/25/2018 Kourakuen. Princess Tag championship match
Saiki VS Satomura - 1/4/2019 Kourakuen. Special singles match
Saiki & Kobashi VS Itoh & Mizuki - 5/19/2018 Kitazawa. Princess Tag championship match
Shoko Nakajima (中島翔子）
(1.47-meter giant kaiju (monster))
Height: 147 cm.
Birthplace: Niigata Prefecture.
Championship history: Puripuri Champion, Inaugural Princess Tag champion (with Yuka Sakazaki), 2nd Princess Cup winner, DDT Ironman Heavymetalweight Champion.
Finishers: Northern Lights Suplex, Top rope Senton
Signatures: 619, Rider Kick (top rope single leg missile drop kick).
Shoko is the second longest active member of the roster. Though officially they debuted at Peter Pan at the same time, Miyu started mat exhibition matches before Shoko. Shoko is small, fast & extremely capable in the ring. She is one of the smallest members of the roster & has become great at playing the scrappy underdog. She has a wealth of knowledge of quick roll ups, reversals & high-speed attacks. Recently she’s become interested in powerlifting & has increased her strength tremendously. She has charisma & good improvisation skills from studying as a comic. She is a Tokyo Joshi triple crown and is one half of the inaugural Princess Tag champions, the “Mirakureanz” with Yuka Sakazaki. She is a mega fan of old Japanese monster movies, Kamen Rider, Ultraman & Super Sentai & will often reference these things in her various promos. *note*: she is the only woman to best Saki-sama in singles competition.
Nakajima VS Sakazaki - 7/23/2016 Yokohama. 3rd Princess Cup 2nd round
Nakajima VS Yuu - 1/04/2017 Kourakuen. Princess of Princess Title match.
Nakajima & Sakazaki VS Mizuki & Riho - 1/04/2018 Kourakuen. Princess Tag Title match.
Yuka Sakazaki (坂崎ユカ）
Face (chaotic good?)
Height: 158 cm.
Birthplace: Southtown - Land of Magic.
Championship history: Puripuri Champion (2x), Princess Tag Champion (2x) (with Shoko Nakajima x1, with Mizuki x1)
Finishers: Magical Magical Girl splash (slingshot rotating splash), Magical girl splash (slingshot splash)
Signatures: Magical Merry-go-round, hurricanrana, rolling suplexes, reverse STO, sliding lariat, slingshot frogsplash.
Yuka is a chaotic ball of bubbly madness. Her style is grounded in Lucha Libre & she often resorts to top rope maneuvers to accomplish her goals. She's a bit of an enigma but gets along with most everyone (with many girls professing their love for her). She barely ever takes anything completely seriously. That said, she is one of the most skilled and engaging women on the roster as well as one of the longest active; having her debut match only 4 months after Shoko and Miyu's official debuts. She did for a time during 2016 & early 2017 go on a training journey in her home magical kingdom to get stronger. During which her sister Mille Clown fought in her stead. Before her training she would use all assortment of pranks, toys and household objects to help obtain victories but would often still fall in defeat. Since returning she has shown the fruits of her training by trading in her nick-knacks, for a plethora of stronger offensive attacks. She has held both the Puripuri title & the Princess tag titles twice. Her biggest flaw is that she can be easily distracted, especially by various types of food. She will sometimes zone out & become bored when people are challenging her to matches.
Sakazaki VS Yamashita - 7/02/2017 Shinjuku. 4th Princess Cup Round 1,
Sakazaki VS Mizuki - 6/09/2018 Shinkiba. 5th Princess Cup Round 1,
Sakazaki & Mizuki VS Nakajima & Riho - 1/04/2019 Kourakuen. Princess Tag championship match.
(Popping Sugar Rabbit)
Height: 160 cm.
Birthplace: Hyogo Prefecture.
Championship history: DDT Ironman Heavymetalweight Champion. Princess Tag Champion (with Yuka Sakazaki), 6th Princess Cup winner, DDT 10 Man Tag Champion (with Danshoku Dieno, ASUKA, Yuki Iino & Trans AM Hiroshi)
Finishers: Cutie Special, Top rope double foot stomp, Aquamarine, Crossface
Signatures: Bow and Arrow, Foot stomp. Dropkick to 2nd rope draped opponent.
Mizuki is a freelance wrestler regularly working in Tokyo Joshi. Debuting at the end of 2012 Mizuki is actually the most experienced member of the roster. Her debut promotion is Legend Ladies Pro Wrestling X (LLPW-X) where she trained under Tomoka Nagakawa & Joshi Legend Takako Inoue. Mizuki likes getting along with everyone. She enjoys cute things and the crazy personalities of many of the other wrestlers. Mizuki is much smarter than she lets on and will sometimes deceive or manipulate people for her own gain especially Rika who has developed a crush on her. This has earned her the nickname “Devil-pyon” (a play on her more common nickname “Mizu-pyon”). By chance she has paired with her former rival Yuka. They captured the Princess Tag titles as the Magical Sugar Rabbits or MajiRabi for short. Overall, Mizuki is a strong competitor & puts on great performances with her mix of high flying, speed, & submission techniques. Furthermore, she is an excellent counter wrestler with the ability to quickly learn opponents’ techniques & adapt to them. She can also execute most of her signature & finishing moves from reversals.
Mizuki VS Sakazaki - 6/09/2018 Shinkiba. 5th Princess Cup Tournament 1st Round Match,
Mizuki VS Nakajima - 6/25/2019 Shinkiba. 6th Princess Cup Tournament 2nd Round match,
Mizuki & Riho VS Sakazaki & Nakajima - 1/04/2018 Kourakuen. Princess Tag title match.
Rika Tatsumi (辰巳リカ)
Height: 165 cm.
Birthplace: Nagano Prefecture.
Championship history: DDT Ironman Heavymetalweight Champion, Princess Tag Champion (with Miu Watanabe)
Finishers: Dragon Sleeper, Twist of Fate, Top Rope Hip Attack
Signatures: Dragon Screw leg whip, Hip attacks (top rope, standing or running), running elbow drop, Figure four.
Originally billed as Ririko Kendo, Rika changed her name in late 2015. Most worthy of note is that she’s honed her butt into a near invincible weapon. It’s been shown to break boards & be impervious to kicks and punches. Even needles are unable to penetrate its surface. She was originally set to debut at the same time as Sakazaki, however a small injury delayed her debut one month. She’s a versatile wrestler with a plethora of strikes, top rope attacks & submissions. Her favorite attacks target her opponents’ legs & knees. She has repeatedly run afoul with the various incarnations of the Biishikigun stable; having major battles with them throughout 2017 & 2019. She has developed a one-sided crush on Mizuki & will have difficulty fighting with her because of her feelings. Most of the roster regard her as being kind of crazy & she’s been known to attack teammates for various reasons during matches (usually to get closer to Mizuki).
Tatsumi & Kurone VS SIN Biishikigun : 6/04/2017 Shinjuku. Team Dissolution match.
Tatsumi, Kurone & Koshinaka VS NEO Biishikigun - 8/26/2017 Kourakuen. 6-man mixed tag match,
Tatsumi VS Yamashita - 5/03/2018 Kourakuen. Princess of Princess championship match.
Yuna Manase (まなせゆうな)
Height: 170 cm.
Birthplace: Chiba Prefecture.
Championship history: International Princess Champion.
Finishers: Kakato drop (Axe Kick), Neck screw hold. Suzuki Dynamic, Lariat
Signatures: Big boot, foot choke, Oppai-ye
Yuna is a gravure model, wrestling trainer & freelance wrestler primarily working for Tokyo Joshi Pro. She is a graduate of Stardom from the chapter two era & had her debut match against Kairi Hojo (Kairi Sane). After leaving Stardom she joined Actwresgirl'Z. There she worked as a wrestler & trainer. She helped train some of their most well-known wrestlers including Saori Anou, Natsumi Maki and Tae Honma. She then moved on to Tokyo Joshi. She was announced as a regular member in early 2017. She has formed a tight friendship with Yuki Kamifuku & is also often paired with Mina Shirakawa. Together, the three of them are known as “Cat’s Pye” (a play on the anime “Cat’s Eye” about a trio of female thieves). She has a somewhat lascivious side that occasionally (read: often) emerges during matches.
Manase VS Nonoko - 6/04/2017 Shinjuku. Gravure Idol singles match,
Manase VS Mizuki - 07/14/2019 Ryogoku KFC. 6th Princess Cup Tournament finals,
Manase VS Yamashita - 02/18/2018 Shinkiba. Princess of Princess title match.
Hyper Misao *(*ハイパーミサヲ)
(Tokyo Joshi’s hero of love and peace)
Height: 164 cm.
Birthplace: Gotham city of north Kanto area.
Championship history: Princess Tag Champion (with Saki-sama as Misao).
Finishers: Hyper Mi returns (Final cut), Libera Me (Chicken wing facelock), Vanitas (Tiger driver setup into a facebuster)
Signatures: Hero correctional system, “I am a Hero” (running or diving crossbody)
Hyper Misao is a crime fighter that appeared in Tokyo Joshi Pro with the goal of protecting love & peace within the promotion. For a time, she lost her way & went down a path of darkness. She joined NEO-Biishikigun & became Saki-sama’s dark Acolyte, Misao. However, she has since been able to cleanse herself of that darkness & now a new more powerful hero has returned! Misao’s sense of justice is often very much guided by her opinions & want to win so her rationale for considering people villains can often be comical. Hyper Misao is both smart & clever. She will use tactics as much as her physical abilities to defeat opponents, whether those tactics are legal is another conversation altogether. Hyper Mi returns!
Misao VS Nodoka - 5/12/2019 Osaka. Singles match
Hyper Misao VS Kasai - 5/3/2016 Kourakuen Hall. Special anywhere falls match,
Hyper Misao VS Tatsumi - 2/23/2019 Shinjuku. Return Singles Match.
Tenma Nodoka/Nodoka Oneesan (天満のどか/のどかおねえさん)
(Storm punk blitz)
Height: 145 cm.
Birthplace: Okayama Prefecture.
Championship history: DDT Ironman Heavymetalweight Champion.
Finishers: Killswitch, WAR Special (seated double chicken wing).
Signatures: Flying Crossbody, Fallaway slam, Back flip (Samoan drop)
Nodoka debuted at the same time as both Yuu & Marika Kobashi. She was trained primarily by former DDT wrestler Cherry. Her first character was based around the child that helps out all the puppets on children’s programs such as Sesame Street. The big sister to the viewer. She was one of the weakest roster members during that period. However, she has gotten stronger & since her character change into Tenma Nodoka, she has been elevated to a higher position. Posing a much greater threat for the main event squad. When push comes shove Nodoka will fire up and hit you hard. She is the real older sister of Bakurestsu Sisters tag partner Yuki Aino. She is also an extremely talented singesongwriter.
Nodoka Oneesan VS Yamashita - 6/19/2018 Narimasu. 5th Princess Cup Round 2,
Nodoka & Aino VS Sakazaki & Mizuki - 10/08/2018 Kitazawa. Princess Tag title match,
Nodoka VS Yuu - 12/01/2018 Shinjuku. Yuu’s Tokyo Joshi farewell match.
Yuki Aino (愛野ユキ)
Height: 153 cm.
Birthplace: Okayama Prefecture.
Championship history: none
Finishers: Venus DDT (reverse DDT), Full-nelson camel clutch
Signatures: Senton, Shoulder tackle, Gutwrench suplex
Yuki is the younger sister of Tenma Nodoka & was introduced as a trainee way back at the 1/4/2016 Kourakuen show. However, due to various circumstances, instead of debuting she first began appearing regularly as Tokyo Joshi’s Ring announcer after Momochi (the anime girl ring announcer) resigned from the position. Finally, she announced her debut for 5/3/2018 with Sayuri Nanba replacing her as ring announcer. Yuki is somewhat quiet & more reserved as compared to Nodoka but when she fires up she can be a force inside the ring. Since her debut she has regularly been paired with her sister as the formidable tag team “Bakuretsu Sisters” (Explosive Sisters) & while by herself Yuki is still a little green, together they have developed a powerful tandem offense that is difficult for even the strongest tag teams to overcome. The closeness with her sister has also led to some locker room ribbing that she has an obsessive complex about Nodoka.
Aino & Nodoka Oneesan VS Yuu & Hikari - 5/03/2018 Kourakuen. Yuki Aino Debut match
Aino VS Noa - 8/25/2019 Kourakuen. Singles match.
Bakuretsu Sisters VS Daydream - 1/04/2020 Kourakuen. Princess Tag championship match
Marika Kobashi (小橋マリカ)
Height: 154 cm.
Birthplace: Kanagawa Prefecture.
Championship history: DDT Ironman Heavymetalweight Champion, Princess Tag Champion (with Reika Saiki).
Finishers: Guillotine choke
Signatures: Machine gun chops, Corner Springboard Bulldog
Marika one of the younger members of the roster. She became interested in wrestling when she was in elementary school & decided to join DDT when she was in junior high. In the same class as Yuu & Nodoka, like them she was trained by Cherry & debuted at the 1/4/2016 when she was 15 years old. Marika is a bright character with a lot of potential. Marika is a huge fan of wrestler Abdullah Kobayashi so much of her offense is an homage to him. Marika took a leave of absence during late 2016 to early 2017 to study for high school exams. Marika is constantly getting stronger & providing a tougher challenge for her opponents. In early 2018 she captured the Princess Tag championships with the help of Reika Saiki. However, in a stroke of extreme bad luck she was forced to relinquish the belts because of injury. She returned at the 1/04/2019 Kourakuen show but has again taken leave to prepare for college. She will likely return after the logistics surrounding the pandemic are addressed. She has recently been identifying more with gyaru style.
Kobashi & Saiki VS Maki & Noa - 1/26/2019 Itabashi. Tag match,
Kobashi & Mizuki VS NEO Biishikigun - 3/10/2018 Yokohama. Tag match,
Kobashi VS Saki-sama - 2/18/2018 Shinkiba - Singles match.
Yuki Kamifuku (上福ゆき)
(Japan’s most beautiful wrestler)
Height: 173 cm.
Birthplace: Kanagawa Prefecture.
Championship history: DDT Ironman Heavymetalweight Champion.
Finishers: Standing legdrop slam (Famouser).
Signatures: Chambered chop, 83 centimeter (Headscissor ddt), Big boot, Dropkick, Suplex
Yuki, or Kamiyu as she prefers to be called, debuted in the summer of 2017. Originally she had something of an “American” character, coming to the ring sporting red & white stripes on her tops & a cowboy hat with stars on her knee pads. However recently she has ditched gear in favor of more standard attire and comes to the ring with a simple 90’s esque denim jacket with patches all over it. Yet, she still comes to the ring to a version of “Ol’ MacDonald” so if you’re ever wondering why, that’s why. Kamiyu is one of the tallest women on the roster & makes use of her long legs for a variety of attacks including a nice dropkick. Kamiyu is intelligent & can speak English nearly fluently as well as come up with creative plans to attack. She is fashion-minded & will chide opponents on their looks & attire to distract them to open them up to attack. While she still sometimes lacks focus during matches she has managed to become a reliable member of Tokyo Joshi’s mid-card. Kamiyu is very playful & tries to get along with everyone. She can often be seen dancing to her opponent’s entrance music while she waits for the match to begin. She regularly teams with Yuna and or Mina with whom she has formed friendships. Watch out for her eye gouges.
Kamifuku VS Nakajima - 5/25/2019 Kitazawa. Princess cup 6 round 1
Kamifuku VS Akai - 1/04/2020 Kourakuen. Singles match
Kamifuku VS Tatsumi VS Suzume - 02/01/2020 Itabashi. Three-way match
Maki Itoh (伊藤麻希)
Height: 160 cm.
Birthplace: Fukuoka Prefecture.
Championship history: International Princess Champion, DDT Ironman Heavymetalweight Champion (x6)
Finishers: Deep-Clutch Boston Crap, Itoh Special (high-angle Texas Cloverleaf sometimes with arm trap)
Signatures: DDT, Boston Crab. Headbutt, Diving headbutt, Kokeshi.
Maki Itoh is a former member of Kyushu Idol group LinQ (pronounced “link”). She is ultra-charismatic, an amazing talker, a good personality, quality physical comedian, improvisationalist, talented singer & she’s cute ta boot. She’s also the most egotistical, narcissistic megalomaniacal yakuza-accented shit talker ever. Maki Itoh even during her LinQ days would constantly mouth off & smack talk, constantly acting tough. Even before becoming a pro wrestler she had several interactions with DDT, especially company president, Sanshiro Takagi. Eventually she announced that she would be joining the Tokyo Joshi Roster. After a short time, she was fired from LinQ. Now this outwardly vainglorious big-headed former idol has a deep chip on her shoulder & inwardly is quite fragile, so she constantly needs affirmation. Hence her “Who’s the cutest in the world?” call. Maki believes she’s the greatest & talks a really big game. She is so hard headed in her beliefs it’s manifested in a physical form as her skull has developed into a near undamageable weapon. Maki’s primary forms of attack in matches make use of her head. This includes normal headbutts & diving ones. Opponents that forget about her ability will attempt headshots that always end up causing them pain. However, Maki’s talk often gets her into situations above her level. Challenging much stronger opponents & losing handily. That said Maki has improved greatly over the last 3 years & has earned herself a firm spot in Tokyo Joshi’s mid-card. So, the short version is as follows: Maki is the tiny cute chihuahua behind the fence that never stops barking at you. It’s both brilliant and ridiculous.
Itoh VS Mizuki - 9/09/2019 Shinjuku. Singles match,
Itoh VS Takigawa - 8/26/2017 Kourakuen. Idol lumberjack Deathmatch.
Itoh VS Danshoku Dieno - 1/04/2018 Kourakuen. Special Intergender Singles match.
Natsumi Maki (万喜 なつみ)
Height: 150 cm.
Birthplace: Kanagawa Prefecture.
Championship history: Inaugural International Princess Champion, DDT Ironman Heavymetalweight Champion.
Finishers: Backlash (Cartwheel bomb), Bridging german suplex
Signatures: repeating drop kicks,
Natsumi Maki or Natsupoi as she’s called by her fans is a former rhythmic gymnast, actress & pro wrestler regularly working in Tokyo Joshi. She trained & debuted in Actwres Girlz & wrestled there & other wrestling companies under the AWG banner for several years until announcing her departure in late 2018. After something of a kerfuffle with key people in AWG it was revealed that while Natsumi would officially be a freelancer, she would be a regular roster member for Tokyo Joshi beginning at the 1/4/2019 Kourakuen show. Since her debut with Tokyo Joshi she has proven to be a formidable force. She challenged for the princess tag titles with partner Hikari as the team Pandemic BOO BOO, & was crowned the inaugural International Princess champion after a fantastic match with Gisele Shaw at Kourakuen in August of 2019. Natsumi suffered an unfortunate injury in fall of 2019 which halted her momentum but she rehabbed with astonishing quickness. She proved to everyone that she was 100% at the 1/4/2020 Kourakuen in a great match against longtime friend SAREEE. Natsumi is fast, agile & a favorite with fans but has been known to candidly say what she thinks. This has caused a few ruffled feathers & tense relationships in Tokyo Joshi (specifically Itoh).
Pandemic BOO BOO VS Sakazaki & Mizuki – 5/03/2019 Kourakuen. Princess Tag title match.
Maki VS Sareee - 1/04/2020 Kourakuen. Single match.
Maki VS Shaw – 8/25/2019 Kourakuen. Inaugural International Princess championship match.
Mina Shirakawa (白川美奈)
(Fighting H-cup Gravure Wrestler)
Height: 157 cm.
Championship history: (Best Body Japan women’s championship).
Finishers: Implant DDT.
Signatures: Upside-down Surfboard (Romero Special), Reverse crab, flying lariat
Mina is a performer, talent, gravure model & wrestler working in Tokyo Joshi. She actually appeared in Tokyo Joshi years before her debut as part of “Oh P Samba” an underground idol group that performed during one of the shows. Years later, through her participation in fitness competitions in Best Body Japan she became involved in Best Body’s project to create a wrestling organization & debuted there. Because of Best Body’s close working relationship with Sanshiro Takagi & DDT, Mina started appearing in Tokyo Joshi regularly. Mina has fondness for Lucha style wrestling. She did a short Mexican tour in September of 2018 shortly after her debut & main evented the CMLL luchadora’s Japan show. She has a solid frame because of her bodybuilding & has a good head for wrestling. That combined with her dynamic offense, stunning looks & genuine personality will help her become a strong competitor as she gains experience. Worthy of note, she has an odd rivalry relationship with Mizuki.
Shirakawa & Nodoka VS Sakazaki & Mizuki – 8/04/2019 Kanagawa. Special summer tag match
Shirakawa VS Saki-sama – 10/05/2019 Shinkiba. Singles match
Shirakawa & Kamifuku VS NEO-Biishikigun - 10/19/2019 Ryogoku KFC. Princess Tag championship match
Neko Haruna (猫はるな)
Height: 143 cm.
Birthplace: Yamanashi Prefecture.
Championship history: none
Finishers: Cat Nut Crush (somersault into a codebreaker)
Signatures: Cat scratches, Running neck breaker
Neko Haruna is part of the group of trainees known as the “Hi-SPCs” (pronounced “High Specs”) a group of 5 girls that all became Tokyo Joshi trainees around the same time & would be the last Tokyo Joshi wrestlers to debut in the Heisei Era (reign of the Japanese Emperor Akihito). Haruna was the first of these women to debut. She is the shortest girl on the roster at a whopping 143 centimeters (4’8”) her compact cuteness is compounded by her choice of a cat persona for her wrestling character. Haruna is still green & will sometimes get lost in matches. She can also be easily duped by the craftier wrestlers appealing to her cat side. That said she has good fundamentals & works hard so it’s likely she'll improve.
Neko Haruna VS Nakajima - 11/17/2018 Itabashi. Neko Haruna’s Debut
Neko Haruna VS Yuu – 11/18/2018 Kawaguchi. Singles match
Harajuku Pom (原宿ぽむ)
(Cute Harajuku style pro wrestler)
Height: 163 cm.
Championship history: none.
Finishers: Pom de JUSTICE (Step-up Leg drop).
Signatures: Shin kicks [FROM OUTTA NOWHERE], La Foret HARAJUKU (satellite headscissor named after a shopping mall)
Pom was the second of the “Hi-SPCs” to debut. She's quirky & has a not so subtle love of the Harajuku area of Tokyo where she grew up. Her sports background is swimming. She was first exposed to Pro wrestling at a Japan/Thai culture expo where she saw Michinoku Pro & Kikutaro. Pom is silly & playful in the ring. She is quickly improving but has yet to learn to be a real threat. She has become a queen of shin style as her favored attack is kicks to her opponent’s lower legs. I think her “Pom de JUSTICE” finisher, while easily scouted, is very cool. Follows of her twitter know that outside of wrestling she seems to be on a quest to visit every single boba tea/bubble tea/tapioca tea shop in existence.
Pom VS Itoh - 1/19/2019 Harajuku. Singles match
Pom & Unagi VS NEO-Biishikigun - 8/04/2019 Kanagawa. Tag match
Pom VS Saki-sama - 12/27/2019 Itabashi. Singles match
(The next era’s BIG TIME pro wrestler)
Height: 174 cm.
Championship history: none.
Finishers: Full-nelson slam.
Signatures: Back body drop, Dropkick
YUMI is the 3rd “Hi-SPCs” Debut and the last to debut in 2018. YUMI is now one of the tallest roster members in Tokyo Joshi which is an amusing juxtaposition seeing as she is the youngest. At 16, YUMI is a quick study & has shown to be a formidable opponent for many. As she gains more experience it’s easy to picture her as part of the promotion’s future main event squad. She took leave to prepare for High School but is now preparing to return.
YUMI VS Akai - 12/1/2018 Shinjuku. YUMI’s debut match
YUMI VS Mizuki - 3/02/2019 Osaka. Single’s match
Himawari Unagi (うなぎひまわり)
(Tomorrow’s Eel dish)
Height: 165 cm.
Birthplace: Osaka Prefecture.
Championship history: none.
Signatures: Synchronized headscissor escape, Gori Special, Legdrop
Himawari, a cosplayer, youtuber, performer & former synchronized swimmer, is the 4th member of the “Hi-SPCs”. Unapii as she is sometimes called has a flair for the dramatic & uses her abilities gained from her swimming days to show off for the audience. This can stun & bewilder more inexperienced roster members, leaving them exposed but it's rarely effective veteran members. While she is a member of the Hi-Specs, Himawari is often paired with Manase, Kamiyu & Mina for totally mysterious reasons. Himawari suffered an injury in October of 2019 & is recuperating.
Unagi VS Tatsumi - 05/25/2019 Kitazawa Townhall – Princess Cup 6 Round 1 match
Unagi VS Shirakawa - 09/28/2019 Itabashi Green Hall - Singles match
(continued in comments)